«Творчество группы «НИРВАНА».

Article “Nirvana’s creative work”.
I’d like to tell about my favorite rock group “Nirvana”/ I am interested in their music and creative work. Although their vocalist’s life tore so quickly, their music is still popular and they have many fans.
Main part
Cobain and Novoselic met while attending Aberdeen High, although they never connected, according to Cobain.[4] The pair eventually became friends.[5] Cobain wanted to form a band with Novoselic, but Novoselic did not respond to his overtures, which included handing him a demo tape of his project Fecal Matter. Three years after they first met, Novoselic notified Cobain that he had finally listened to the Fecal Matter demo Cobain had given him, and suggested they start a group. The pair recruited Bob McFadden on drums, but after a month the project fell apart.[6] In winter of 1987, Cobain and Novoselic recruited drummer Aaron Burckhard.[7] The trio practiced material from Cobain’s Fecal Matter tape, but started writing new material soon after forming.[8]
Nirvana released its first single, «Love Buzz», in November 1988 on the Seattle independent record label Sub Pop.[14] The following month, the band began recording its debut album, Bleach, with local producer Jack Endino.[15] Bleach was highly influenced by the heavy dirge-rock of the Melvins and Mudhoney, 1980s punk rock, and the 1970s heavy metal of Black Sabbath. Novoselic noted in a 2001 interview with Rolling Stone that the band had played a tape in their van while on tour that had an album by The Smithereens on one side and an album by the black metal band Celtic Frost on the other, and noted that the combination probably played an influence as well.[16] The money for the recording sessions for Bleach, listed as $606.17 on the album sleeve, was supplied by Jason Everman, who was subsequently brought into the band as the second guitarist. Though Everman did not actually play on the album, he received a credit on Bleach because, according to Novoselic, they «wanted to make him feel more at home in the band».[17] Just prior to the album’s release, Nirvana insisted on signing an extended contract with Sub Pop, making the band the first to do so with the label.[18]
In Utero debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 album chart in September 1993.[61] Time’s Christopher John Farley wrote in his review of the album, «Despite the fears of some alternative-music fans, Nirvana hasn’t gone in mainstream, though this potent new album may once again force the mainstream.[62] In Utero went on to sell four million copies in the United States.[42] That October, Nirvana embarked on its first American tour of the United States in two years. For the tour, the band added Pat Smear of the punk rock band Germs as a second guitarist.[63] In November 1993, Nirvana recorded a performance for the television program MTV Unplugged. Augmented by Smear and cellist Lori Goldston, the band sought to veer from the typical approach to the show, opting to stay away from playing its most recognizable songs. Instead, Nirvana performed several covers, and invited Cris and Curt Kirkwood of the Meat Puppets to join the group.[64]
In early 1994, the band embarked on a European tour. In Rome, on the morning of March 4, Cobain’s wife, Courtney Love, found Cobain unconscious in their hotel room and he was taken to the hospital. A doctor from the hospital told at the press conference that Cobain had reacted to a combination of prescription medicine and alcohol. The rest of the tour was canceled, including a planned leg in the UK.[65] In the ensuing weeks, Cobain’s heroin addiction increased. The treatment was organized in drug rehabilitation. After less than a week in rehabilitation, Cobain climbed over the wall of the facility and took a plane back to Seattle. A week later, on Friday, April 8, 1994, Cobain had committed suicide at his Seattle home.[66]
In spite of the breakdown of the group and the death of Cobain much more discs were sold than during the life. There are followers of their style, called grange.

Статья. «Творчество группы «НИРВАНА».
Выполнил: курсант группы 07-СМ-14 Жигалин Артур.
(научный руководитель: преподаватель английского языка СМО Новикова Л.К.

)Материалы студенческой научно-практической конференции
19-20 апреля 2011 года
по итогам кружковой работы 2010-2011 учебного года


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